As environmentally-conscious consumers, we’re always on the lookout for sustainable, high-quality materials that not only look and feel great but also have a minimal impact on the planet.

Camel hair and cashmere are two such natural fibers that have long been prized for their luxurious qualities.

In this blog post, i will introduce you to the origins, characteristics, and benefits of these two remarkable fibers, comparing their similarities and differences to help you make an informed choice for your next purchase.

I. Origins of Camel Hair and Cashmere

  1. Camel Hair: Camel hair is sourced from the Bactrian and Dromedary camels, native to the cold deserts of Central Asia and the Middle East.

    The fiber is collected during the annual molting season when the camels naturally shed their hair, ensuring a cruelty-free process. Camel hair has been used for centuries to make textiles, offering warmth, softness, and durability.
Camels in Sanddune landscape - Hunder
Camels in Sanddune landscape – Hunder
  1. Cashmere: Cashmere comes from the fine undercoat of the Cashmere goat, which is native to the Himalayan region, Mongolia, and China.

    The goats shed their luxurious undercoats each spring, and the fibers are carefully collected through combing, ensuring no harm to the animals. Cashmere has been valued for its incredible softness, warmth, and lightweight feel for centuries.
Cashmere Goat High in Tibet mountains
Cashmere Goats High in Tibet mountains

II. Characteristics of Camel Hair and Cashmere

  1. Softness: Both camel hair and cashmere are renowned for their softness, providing a luxurious feel against the skin. However, cashmere is generally considered to be softer due to its finer fibers, which measure around 14-18 microns in diameter compared to 18-30 microns for camel hair.
  2. Warmth: Both fibers are excellent insulators, but camel hair is particularly well-suited for colder climates due to its natural thermostatic properties. These properties allow camel hair to regulate temperature by retaining heat in cold conditions and releasing it in warmer environments, making it an excellent choice for winter wear.
  3. Durability: Camel hair is known for its durability, with a higher tensile strength than cashmere. This makes it less prone to pilling and more resistant to wear and tear. Cashmere, while still strong, requires more delicate handling and care to maintain its appearance and feel over time.
  4. Weight: Cashmere is lighter than camel hair, making it more comfortable and versatile for layering in different seasons. However, both fibers provide excellent warmth-to-weight ratios, making them suitable for a variety of garments and accessories.
Woman wearing cashmere nightwear relaxing in cabin near fireplac
Beautiful young woman, which is wearing cashmere nightwear clothes, drinking tea or coffee while relaxing on rocking chair in scandinavian cabin near electric heater fireplace one lazy weekend morning

III. Environmental Impact

  1. Sustainability: Both camel hair and cashmere are natural, biodegradable fibers with a lower environmental impact than synthetic alternatives. However, the increasing demand for cashmere has led to overgrazing and habitat degradation in some regions. Choosing ethically-sourced cashmere and supporting sustainable farming practices can help mitigate these issues.
  2. Water Consumption: Camel hair is considered more water-efficient than cashmere, as camels require less water and can thrive in arid environments. Cashmere goats, on the other hand, need more water resources to survive and produce their fine undercoats.
cheap cashmere buy
Cashmere Goats in Mongolia

IV. Uses in Fashion and Textiles

  1. Camel Hair: Camel hair is often used in high-quality outerwear, such as coats and jackets, as well as accessories like scarves and hats. Its durability and natural insulation make it a popular choice for winter wear. Camel Hair is also used in Persian Rug Weaving.
  2. Cashmere: Cashmere is widely used for luxury knitwear, including sweaters, cardigans, and shawls. Its exceptional softness, lightweight feel, and warmth make it perfect for versatile, season-spanning garments.
Persian Carpet - Camel Hair


Both camel hair and cashmere offer unique benefits and qualities, making them highly sought-after natural fibers in the fashion industry. While cashmere is often praised for its unparalleled softness and lightweight feel, camel hair stands out for its excellent insulation and durability.

When deciding between the two, consider factors such as the intended use, personal preferences, and environmental impact. For lightweight, ultra-soft garments suitable for year-round wear, cashmere may be the ideal choice. However, if you’re seeking a more robust and insulating material for colder climates, camel hair could be the better option.

Ultimately, choosing high-quality, ethically-sourced camel hair or cashmere products ensures you’re supporting sustainable practices and investing in luxurious, long-lasting garments that not only feel great but also contribute to a more eco-friendly fashion industry.

Related Topics:

The Role of Camel Hair in the Bedouin Society

Bactrian Camel Hair vs. Dromedar Camel Hairy

Blending Camel Wool with Silk for Exquisite Textiles

Amazing History of Camel Hair Textiles

Some Inspiring Camel Hair Artisans and Entrepreneurs

Categories: Camel Hair

Marco Heitner

Marco is the author and creator of the World’ and holds the "Wool Fibre Science" certification. He founded this website because of his love for nature, tradition and exquisite all-natural fibers like merino wool, cashmere, and alpaca. The way local communities interact with their environment and produce valuable, irreplaceable natural resources such as wool is inspiring.


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