Wool has been around for thousands of years in all parts of the world. Our ancestors used the wool of wild sheep to keep themselves warm. Historical documents indicate that around 9,000 BC in the people of Mesopotamia were the first to tame sheep. In ancient Egypt, wool production was already practiced on a large scale.
Alpacas have been bred in the high plateaus of the Andes for over 5,000 years in Pre-Columbian South America.
They were domesticated from the wild living Vicuñas by ancient tribes in the Andean Highlands of Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Bolivia and northwestern Argentina.
So-called “Parcas Textiles” were already made by South American people more than a thousand years before the rise of the Incas.
In the Kingdom of the Incas, fabrics made from fine Alpaca fibers were considered the “Fleece of the Gods.”
The Cashmere Goat originally came from the highlands of Tibet. Their range extended from Tibet through Kyrgyzstan to Uzbekistan. Its name is derived from the region of Kashmir.
Precious Cashmere Wool has been processed in the Kashmir Region and it’s Capital Srinagar by hand into high-quality textiles since about 1000 BC.
The Merino Sheep were bred in Spain in the 14th Century from a cross between a small Asian breed and an African coastal sheep. – At that time, the Spanish Royal House punished the export of Merino Sheep with the death penalty.
Thus, for many centuries, “Spanish Wool” became the best merchandise in the world. Finally, in the 18th century, the first Merino Sheep were exported to Germany, where farmers crossed them with native breeds.
When European settlers brought the first Merino sheep to Australia, that continent, along with New Zealand, became the world’s largest wool producers.
Wool protects mountaineers as they climb the world’s highest mountains. Polar explorers also rely on wool – it is worn by sailors and workers drilling for oil in Alaska. Even astronauts opt for the ancient textile fiber in their spacesuits because it is particularly warm and comfortable to wear.
As you can see, wool is truly present in all parts of the globe. – Discover with us some of the most amazing places in the world.
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