Mohair, silky and soft wool that can outshine all other fabrics!
Shiny, durable, and resilient, Mohair wool is one of the finest fabrics in the world. It is acquired from the hair fibre of the angora goat.
Only produced in Turkey for years, Mohair is now a source for all types of garments and is produced extensively in the Us and Africa.
What could be the reason behind the international fame of Mohair? Read on to find out!
Where do you get Mohair wool from?
Mohair wool is produced from hair fibre taken from the angora goat. Mohair, the wool from the angora goat, should not be confused with the wool obtained from the angora rabbit. The angora rabbit gives angora wool.
Angora goat is a small breed of goats when compared to sheep and milk goats. They are domesticated goats covered with uniform locks or ringlets. The angora goat is a cute creature with horns and a well-structured and slim body. They are very picturesque to look at and unlike sheep, they can stand on their hind legs to graze weeds and grass at higher locations.
To learn more about the angora goat, click here.
Qualities Of Mohair Wool
Due to the strength of the mohair wool and its blinding shine, it is commonly known as the ‘diamond fibre’. The mohair fibre is used for knitting warm clothes and making socks, gloves, beanies, etc.. Whereas the mohair fabric is used in making scarfs, carpet, winter hats, suits, and sweaters.
The average growth of the angora hair fibre is about 8 to 15 inches. Angoras can be clipped twice a year and give up to 5-8 pounds of fleece. The kid mohair is comparatively softer than the mohair obtained from adult angora goats.
Major reasons behind the popularity of mohair are:
- The outer scales of the angora hair fibre reflect light, giving the fabric a natural sheen. This natural sheen and lustre of mohair make it an exceptionally in-demand fabric in the fashion industry. The shine of the mohair is so bright that it an lighten up your appearance.
- It is a durable and resilient fabric. With mohair, you do not have to worry about easy wear and tear. Mohair is popular for its long life.
- Mohair is a versatile fabric with insulating characteristics. Mohair is warm wool that offers protection from biting cold during winters. However, the clothes made with mohair wool can also keep you cool during summers. The fabric is used to produce a variety of clothes, accessories, and home decor products.
- Mohair can be easily dyed and is very responsive to chemicals. This is why mohair is available in many colours in the market. Moreover, thanks to the structure of the fabric, the dye does not easily fade after use. Just like dye, the water also retains moisture for a longer period.
- The mohair fabric does not wrinkle, sag, or stretch easily. It retains its firm and clean look despite having been worn for hours. For long meetings and parties where you want to make sure you look spectacular from morning to evening, you could wear mohair and look dazzling all day.
- Mohair fabric is non-flammable. If you come in contact with direct fire by mistake, it will not burn up in flames but turn ashen instead.
The Cost Of The Mohair Fabric
Mohair wool is priced at $10 for one pound. Angora goats are extremely delicate and need to be raised with care to prevent damage by internal parasites. It is more expensive than the standard wool given by sheep because the raising and production of the wool is an extensive task.
Mohair is also soft and shiny, making it a more luxurious type of fabric and often compared to cashmere and angora wool. In the US, the angora goat costs around $300 to $350.
History Of Mohair Wool
Mohair is a fabric or yarn produced from the hair of the beautiful angora goat, originally found in Tibet. After moving to Turkey down from the mountains in Tibet, the angora goat has grown in numbers in Turkey. The angora goat or Ankara keçisi in Turkey
The history of the Mohair wool goes back to the 8th century, when in England. It is believed that mohair was present in England at the time of Moses. However, the first shipment of the angora wool from Turkey to England took place in the year 1820. This is when the hair was processed into yarn the first time on record, by Yorkshire mills and was also exported to Germany, Austria, and Russia.
Until the year 1849, Angora goats were only found in Turkey, hence the wool had to be exported from Turkey to other nations. Initially, angora goats were bred to produce white mohair. After the formation of the Colored Angora Goat Breeders Association in 1998, the breeding of angora to produce white, black, red, and brownish mohair fibre was also started.
The Production Of Mohair
Over the years as people came across the beautiful and lustrous fabric obtained by angora goat, breeding and raising were started at other places. Today, Eastern Cape in South Africa is the largest producer of Mohair in the world.
In 1838, Angora goats were taken to South Africa and in 1859 they were gifted by Turkey to the US. Today, the production of mohair from the US is sold at Boston or Philadelphia, the Turkey fleece is sold at Istanbul, and the African production is sold exclusively in the United Kingdom.
60% of total mohair production is carried out in South Africa, the unprocessed fibre is sold to other nations.
Mohair, One of the Oldest fibres in the Textile Industry!
Mohair is one of the oldest textiles known to man and is still very popular. The ill-treatment of angora goats in South Africa led to the boycott of mohair by many brands. However, it is still produced heavily and the demand is high. Efforts are being made to make the raising of Angora goats more gentle so that the animal does not suffer during the process.