Nestled in the heart of the majestic Himalayas, Srinagar is a city steeped in history and beauty. Known for its picturesque landscapes, vibrant culture, and rich heritage, it is also home to one of the world’s most exquisite treasures – cashmere wool.

This luxurious fiber has been a cornerstone of Srinagar’s economy for centuries, and in this guide, we will explore the fascinating journey of cashmere from the remote hills of the Himalayas to your wardrobe.

Cashmere wool is a luxurious and highly prized natural fiber that is known for its softness, warmth, and versatility. It is obtained from the undercoat of the Cashmere goat, a breed that is native to the high altitudes of the Himalayan region, including the Kashmir Valley where Srinagar is located.

Srinagar is a major center for the production of Cashmere, and the industry plays a significant role in the city’s economy and culture.


Srinagar is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus. The city has a long and rich history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to the 3rd century BCE.

Dal lake in Srinagar Kashmir

Srinagar has been an important center of trade and culture for centuries, and it has been ruled by a number of different empires over the years.

During the Mughal Empire, Srinagar was a major center for the production of wool and carpets, and the city’s Mughal gardens are a popular tourist attraction to this day. In the 19th century, Srinagar became a part of the British Raj, and it remained under British rule until 1947, when India gained independence.

Today, Srinagar is known for its natural beauty, cultural and artistic heritage, and economic activities such as Cashmere production. It is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from all over the world.

History of Cashmere Production in Srinagar

Srinagar has been at the forefront of cashmere production since the 15th century when the region was introduced to the art of weaving by the Persian master weaver, Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani. His arrival marked the beginning of a rich tradition of craftsmanship that has been passed down through generations.

Handwritten Code for Pashmina Weaving, Srinagar
Handwritten Code for Pashmina Weaving, Srinagar

The History of Cashmere production in Srinagar dates back to the Mughal Empire, when the region was known for its high-quality wool and carpet-making industry.

In the 19th century, the British East India Company introduced modern techniques of Cashmere wool production to Srinagar, which helped to increase the efficiency and quality of the industry.

Today, Srinagar’s artisans are renowned for their skill in spinning, dyeing, and weaving the delicate cashmere fibers into luxurious garments and accessories. The city is a hub for cashmere traders and connoisseurs from around the world, who come to source the finest cashmere products, often adorned with intricate designs and embellishments.

Srinagar is home to numerous workshops and factories that specialize in the production of Cashmere wool, and the industry employs a large number of people in the region.

The Production Process:

The process of producing Cashmere wool involves several steps. First, the undercoat of the Cashmere goat is combed to separate it from the coarser outer hair. The undercoat is then washed and de-haired to remove any impurities. Next, the fibers are spun into yarn, which is then woven or knitted into a variety of products, such as shawls, scarves, and other garments.

Srinagar is known for its skilled craftspeople who produce a wide range of Cashmere products using traditional techniques. Many of the city’s Cashmere products are handmade, and the industry relies on the expertise and craftsmanship of local artisans.

Origin and History of Cashmere Srinagar
Weaving Looms for Cahmere Fabrics in Srinagar

Quality and Sustainability:

With the growing demand for cashmere, concerns about the sustainability and ethical practices in the industry have emerged.

Srinagar’s cashmere producers are increasingly embracing responsible methods to preserve the environment, the welfare of the goats, and the livelihood of local communities.

One such initiative is the adoption of the Charkha, a traditional spinning wheel, which allows artisans to produce cashmere yarn without using electricity. This eco-friendly method not only reduces the carbon footprint but also supports the preservation of traditional craftsmanship.

Furthermore, several organizations are working to improve the welfare of the Cashmere Goats and their herders. They provide training on sustainable grazing practices, as well as access to healthcare and education for the herding communities.


The cashmere industry of Srinagar is a fascinating blend of tradition, artistry, and innovation.

As we humans appreciate the luxurious feel of cashmere garments, it is important to recognize the deeper significance they hold in terms of cultural heritage, environmental sustainability, and support for local communities.

By investing in ethically-sourced cashmere and cherishing the craftsmanship that goes into creating these masterpieces, we not only elevate our fashion choices but also contribute to preserving a vital part of the Himalayan legacy for future generations.

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Cashmere and the Fashion Industry

The Cultural Significance of Cashmere Fabrics

Read all about Pashmina Goats

Categories: Cashmere

Marco Heitner

Marco is the author and creator of the World’ and holds the "Wool Fibre Science" certification. He founded this website because of his love for nature, tradition and exquisite all-natural fibers like merino wool, cashmere, and alpaca. The way local communities interact with their environment and produce valuable, irreplaceable natural resources such as wool is inspiring.


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